UN Women, ILO, and UNHCR Joint Study on Linkages Between Livelihoods and SGBV-Related Protection Risks and Outcomes for Displaced Women across Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon

As the Syrian crisis enters its 8th year, over 5.6 million people are displaced outside of Syria and another 6.2 internally displaced. Due to the influx of refugees, host communities experience significant pressures as the situation persists to be challenging despite the efforts of the host governments and communities. The predominant challenge for the refugee communities is poverty as over 60% of Syrian refugees are living below the poverty line. Moreover, UN Women and UNHCR assessments conducted with Syrian refugees in displacement found high levels of female headed households. Gender discrimination and inequality, exacerbated by factors such as socio-economic challenges, prolonged family separation, breakdown of community structures, loss of financial and social assets, male unemployment, overcrowded housing lacking privacy, resulted in the placement of refugee women and girls at heightened risks of sexual and gender-based violence, sexual exploitation, and abuse, as highlighted by recent UN Women studies.

The relationship between women’s economic empowerment, workplace harassment and violence, and domestic violence was explored globally, albeit to a limited degree as the empirical investigation in better understanding this subject in the context of displacement, and specifically for Syrian refugees and Iraqi IDPs is limited. In order to address this knowledge gap and provide an evidence-base for current and future programming, UN Women contracted Triangle to conduct an in-depth research study to investigate the relationship between access to livelihood opportunities and protection risks and outcomes that relate to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) across Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.

For this study, Triangle’s research team deemed it necessary to adopt a phased adaptive approach to fine tune the research as it develops, given the need to examine several variables related to both lines of inquiry and to identify research profiles which offer the most valuable and useful information relating to SGBV-related protection risks and outcomes. The research puts forth primary qualitative and quantitative data, on the basis of which analysis was run and triangulated, and recommendations were made to support future livelihood programming which promotes pathways to increase the safe, dignified and sustainable participation of displaced women in the labour force, as well as women’s empowerment over the longer-term.


Research Study on the Linkages Between Livelihoods and SGBV Protection Risks and Outcomes in Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon

Locations: Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon
Service type:

Qualitative and Quantitative Research